Too many people, sounds and stimuli. Everything is so unpredictable, and therefore dangerous. Go! To hide! Closed! To close, in order not to hear. Silent, so that you are left alone – alone with himself.
With a blank wall, erected by the child for self-defense, face perhaps all parents of children with autism. From whom he protected? How to set the communication through the wall?
The first thing that comes to mind, if we are talking about autism, is full of himself kid. What other States are characterized by autistic children and are they always the same?
First of all, like all children, kids with autism spectrum disorders differ from each other, have their own character, habits. Features of autistic symptoms is very individual.
The unifying feature of these children is the difficulty of social interaction, communication and stereotyped behavior. People with autism are difficult to understand other people. Because of this, communication with family members can be especially serious for them. While we intuitively understand how to communicate with each other, people with autism, this intuitive knowledge is missing.
Despite the obvious peculiarities in the behavior of outwardly autistic people look like ordinary children, and therefore, the surrounding people often perceive them as rude and spoiled, whereas it is fundamentally wrong. In addition, the characteristic of autistic repetitive behavior, stereotyped movements, and speech disorders.
So what seeing the world for autistic children?
People suffering from autism, they say that the world is a chaos of people and events, where they can be impossible to understand. And it is not so much their intellectual abilities, many with impaired sensory perception: the usual stimuli cause these children have strong negative feelings. Add to this oversensitivity, and you come closer to understanding the world of the autistic child. Difficulties in perception of the world, the inability to navigate in changed conditions and cause increased anxiety.
Suspicion should arise if:
– The child’s behavior seems strange and unpredictable. Mood swings. Have an inadequate response to emotional reactions.
Baby avoids physical contact. For example, children do not like to be but hands.
Altered sensitivity to any stimuli. For example, insensitivity to pain or
hypersensitivity to sound (covers ears with hands), disgust, selectivity in food, etc.
– The child’s speech develops slowly or not at all.
– Child uses spoken language, but refers to herself in the 2nd or 3rd person.
There are stops in the development of acquired skills. For example, the baby starts to speak properly to him in age, and then in) -1,5, the development of speech stops for no apparent reason.
Is the game the child is not developing and are primitive in nature. There is a desire to organize items (e.g., puts toys in a row).
– There is no reciprocity in dealing with people, there is no interest in communication. There is a desire to be alone.
– The child often observed state of complete detachment from the outside world.
– Different kind of compulsive behavior. For example, does the unusual repetitive movements.
– The fears and lack of reasonable care.
– When examining new items child checks their taste and smell.
At what age do doctors confidently make the diagnosis of “autism”?
Most clearly the early signs of autism manifest themselves in 2-5 years, although some signs have been observed at an early age. Most often, the diagnosis of autism is made only after five years, if serious violations in the development of a child’s speech, difficulties in communicating with others.
In other words, the diagnosis is made when no place it is impossible. What is the reason?
This is due to the difficulties of diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders at an early age. In addition, information about the specific behavior of the child, the doctor often can only get from their parents. It should be noted that not all child psychiatrists willing to put such a diagnosis as autism. Often cushioning the diagnosis of various thinly veiled language. The desire of a psychiatrist is not to scare parents psychiatric diagnosis can be understood, but the reverse effect is that parents are not making sufficient efforts to provide child care.
If doctors and parents doubt the diagnosis is not, what further action would be optimal?
At the first sign of “problems” in collaboration with the child need to contact the experts. Originally pediatrician and neurologist, who will refer to other specialists. Early childhood professionals early intervention psychologist and expert on early infant communication, if necessary, a psychiatrist. In older age in the presence of autism spectrum disorder – constant observation and treatment by a psychiatrist with mandatory psychological correction. Parents need to understand that the supervision of experts for such a child is required constantly.
What is the goal you need to put in front of you, when you have to work with a young autistic?
First of all, the parents of the baby. It is difficult for them to understand their child’s behavior, it is difficult to communicate with him, it’s hard to build an emotional interaction.
It is therefore important to help to see the characteristics of their child, to understand their causes, you learn to build their own behaviour and to respond appropriately to what is happening with the child. A child with autism differently, sees the world, his view of the world is very stable, so an adult is easier to adapt to the child’s behavior than to try to “break”. Autism is not fully understood. And perhaps what we perceive as a disease, just a different mental state. I remember reading an interview with a girl who to the question: “How’s it like living with autism?” replied: “Me with my autism live well. It’s you I’m hard”.
When you can say that you have achieved success in rehabilitation, if the disease is incurable?
Very simply put, when parents became “easier”.
When adults took the characteristics of the child, learned to understand them and act in accordance with the worldview of their child. Another important indicator of the success of therapy is to expand the range of communicative abilities of the child, the appearance of active communication and the expansion of social contacts.
The prognosis of therapy depends on the form of autism and the severity of manifestations. Some features, such as the commitment of the child to a routine lifestyle and emotional indifference, persist throughout life.
What you need to pay attention to parents of young children? What in their behavior should be alerted?
Sorry, we note the growth of autism spectrum disorders. Parents often seek help much later, missing the time and opportunity for early correction. Therefore, the first and main recommendation to all parents is to observe the behavior of your baby.
The very first warning signs can be no infants “of revitalizing complex”, smiles at the sight of the parents, the estimated reaction to stimuli that may be taken for deafness or blindness. Parents often tell us that the baby in infancy did not cause them concern, was very “easy” baby.
Can be observed and an over-reaction to normal stimuli.
It is important to help to see the characteristics of their child, to understand their causes, you learn to build your own command and respond appropriately to what is happening with the child.