Calendar of newborn development newborn photo and the first record of a newborn child.
Congratulations, you are the mother! I don’t have to listen to “pregnant” feelings, trying to guess what your child. Here he is next to you, primative and smiles in his sleep.
Wise nature has taken care that a newborn has evolved in line with its needs. Usually, at birth, the boys weigh between 2.9 to 3.9 kg with height 48,0 – 51,8 cm, weight girls is 2.8 -3,7 kg with a height of 47.3 – 51,0 cm*. Children are born with a reserve of fluid in the body, so it is quite normal that in the first few days they lose 7-10% of the weight.
The first hours of life of a newborn out of mommy’s belly is an endless stream of rapidly changing sounds, feelings and images, most of which are completely unfamiliar to him. A newborn baby is not yet able to separate themselves from the outside world, which seems to him not very hospitable.
Baby reacts to mother’s voice, as he began to hear from the womb at 28 weeks of pregnancy. In a new unfamiliar surroundings, the baby calms down when mom speaks with a calm, gentle voice.
The eyes of a newborn baby is not yet able to see distant objects, but it can focus the eyes on her face, when it would be close enough. The baby sees approximately at a distance of 20-30 cm from the nipple to the eyes of the mother, if she is on hand). When the light comes on, or something approaching his face, the child squints.
Taste buds and sense of smell in newborn infants “includes” immediately, from the moment of birth: the baby recognizes sweetness and bitterness, trying to turn away from strong odors. Pipsqueak quickly remembers the smell of his mother’s breast, and prefers it to all other smells. Newborn babies are sensitive to different touch, the touch of human skin gives them the most pleasure.
A newborn child is unable to feed himself or move, but he’s not helpless. In stock at baby large set of behaviors based on the unconditional reflexes. For example, the search reflex helps him to find the food source. If to stroke the baby’s skin around the corner of the mouth without touching the lips, he put his lower lip, push the tab and turn the head in a “stimulus” – a mother’s nipple with delicious milk.
Neonates are markedly different from each other in proportions, the level of motor activity and muscle tone, but gradually these differences will disappear, and “Laggards” will quickly catch up with their peers.
*Based on the data provided by the experts of the world health organization (who) according to the results of Multicentric studies on growth standards (MIER).
It was attended by children, cared for compliance with the rules of occupational health adopted by the who — such as breastfeeding and the mother’s refusal from Smoking. To date, the results MIER is the recognized world standards that can and should to compare the development of children, irrespective of their place of residence, type of feeding and belonging to different ethnic groups and cultures.
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Behavior: understand baby
The newborn child is not immediately physically and psychologically adjusting to existence outside the uterus. Self-regulation is an important part of the process of adaptation of the baby to the world.
In the first days of life the baby learns to control the degree of its activity: to gradually move from a waking state to sleep state and Vice versa. The task of parents – to help your child in this difficult lesson. Waking the baby reacts to sounds and light, actively absorbing new information and often cannot leave the state of excitation. If the baby’s mouth frowns, he clenches his little fists and kicks legs, most likely, it’s time to relax. Even harder to go into a state of rest after a strong cry. Some children calm down, if the parents be sick on their hands or wrapped in a soft blanket. Others on the contrary, you need a sense of freedom, and they fall asleep faster when placed on a flat surface and do not restrict movement of a diaper or blanket.
A newborn child can communicate their needs and the internal state only in two ways: weep or smile. In the first weeks of life and crying, and smile a reaction to the physiological processes that occur in the body of the baby.
Learning and communication: engaged with a kid
Almost the entire first week of life newborn spends in sleep, waking up only to eat. Periods of active wakefulness, when the child is able to perceive new information, it is extremely rare and short-lived. Therefore it is not necessary to pre-plan lessons with a toddler, use every opportunity. Newborn babies tend to get overexcited easily, begin to scream and cry, so pay attention to the reaction of his tiny “student” and not to fatigue.
Each child needs the warmth of the human body: if the child rarely take on hands, it can become lethargic and apathetic.
The mobility of the newborn child is limited: he cannot turn over or turn his head. You can change the position of the baby in the crib, cradle or stroller, let him some time to spend on your stomach or on your side before you again put him on his back.
Hang above a cot mobile or a light projector. Soft music or sounds of nature combined with rhythmically changing images or slow moving toys will help your baby learn to calm down and fall asleep.
Laugh and have fun with your baby, let him get used to your mood.
A sense of security and fun game
Be sure to consult with a neonatologist midwife, health visitor or before the first swim.
Better to bathe the child in a private special tray. Control the temperature of water: poorly developed in newborns thermoregulation, baby can easily freeze or overheat. Don’t worry and keep a good mood: bathing should be associated both you and the child only with positive emotions.
Not all babies love water. Try to choose for swimming when the child is calm, teach him to water gradually, stopping the procedure as soon as he starts to cry. After bathing, if the child is in a good mood, you can make him a massage: gently stroking the shoulders, arms, legs, feet, back, tummy and buttocks of the baby. Use to massage the cream or oil.
As often as you can touch the child: physical contact, your kisses and gentle touch to help him not only better to feel your body and to feel your love and care.
Be sure to consult your pediatrician about how to properly care for popochka baby. Usually, the remnant of the umbilical cord disappears in the first week.
Not kotite baby, at room temperature 20-25’C he will be quite comfortable in a light Onesie and diaper.
Good to know about newborn