Chapter 1. Study on the problem of development of cognitive abilities in Russian psychology.
1.1. Cognitive ability as a scientific problem.
1.2. The study of problems of individualization preschoolers in Russian psychology.
Chapter 2. Experimental study of the problem of individualization of the process of perception development in children of preschool age.
2.1. The study of individual psychological characteristics of the personality of the preschool child.
2.2. features of perceptual abilities in preschool children.
Preschool childhood is a sensitive period for the development of various skills and for opening and improving the cognitive abilities of the child.
The most important neoplasm of preschool age is the willingness to schooling, and the main component of this commitment is associated with the development of cognitive sphere of the child: the level of development of cognitive processes and cognitive environment.
G. A. Urundeuva under cognitive abilities understands mental properties required for successful execution of cognitive Continue reading
Recovering from childbirth is a difficult and long process. After childbirth – the strongest physical and psychological stress for women, even the past without features and give birth to healthy, long-awaited child. Therefore, a woman needs proper rest. For some time we got the hospital on the principle of “Mother and child” where the child from the first hours after birth, you’ll be near the mother.
The woman swells and enlarges Breasts, they produce colostrum, and then milk. The uterus continues to shrink, while a woman may feel light contractions, especially during breastfeeding, when the baby sucks intensively. During contraction the damaged surface on the wall of the uterus that arose after the rejection of the placenta, begins to drag on. With the wounds go postnatal discharge consisting of blood, tissue particles and blood secretion. Immediately after birth, the uterus weighs 1 kg. For the following six weeks she takes your normal weight – 50-60 gr. Spotting pass through the first two days. They can be quite active, more strong than in the first days of menstruation. After that, the discharge becomes less intense. Postnatal discharge, called lochia, last 5-6 weeks after giving birth to a full contractions of the uterus to its normal size. This period is called postpartum.
Congratulations, you are the mother! I don’t have to listen to “pregnant” feelings, trying to guess what your child. Here he is next to you, primative and smiles in his sleep.
Wise nature has taken care that a newborn has evolved in line with its needs. Usually, at birth, the boys weigh between 2.9 to 3.9 kg with height 48,0 – 51,8 cm, weight girls is 2.8 -3,7 kg with a height of 47.3 – 51,0 cm*. Children are born with a reserve of fluid in the body, so it is quite normal that in the first few days they lose 7-10% of the weight.
The first hours of life of a newborn out of mommy’s belly is an endless stream of rapidly changing sounds, feelings and images, most of which are completely unfamiliar to him. A newborn baby is not yet able to separate themselves from the outside world, which seems to him not very hospitable.
Baby reacts to mother’s voice, as he began to hear from the womb at 28 weeks of pregnancy. In a new unfamiliar surroundings, the baby calms down when mom speaks with a calm, gentle voice.
The eyes of a newborn baby is not yet able to see distant objects, but it can focus the eyes on her face, when it would be close enough. The baby sees approximately at a distance of 20-30 cm from the nipple to the eyes of the mother, if she is on hand). Continue reading