Chapter 1. Study on the problem of development of cognitive abilities in Russian psychology.
1.1. Cognitive ability as a scientific problem.
1.2. The study of problems of individualization preschoolers in Russian psychology.
Chapter 2. Experimental study of the problem of individualization of the process of perception development in children of preschool age.
2.1. The study of individual psychological characteristics of the personality of the preschool child.
2.2. features of perceptual abilities in preschool children.
Preschool childhood is a sensitive period for the development of various skills and for opening and improving the cognitive abilities of the child.
The most important neoplasm of preschool age is the willingness to schooling, and the main component of this commitment is associated with the development of cognitive sphere of the child: the level of development of cognitive processes and cognitive environment.
G. A. Urundeuva under cognitive abilities understands mental properties required for successful execution of cognitive Continue reading
Too many people, sounds and stimuli. Everything is so unpredictable, and therefore dangerous. Go! To hide! Closed! To close, in order not to hear. Silent, so that you are left alone – alone with himself.
With a blank wall, erected by the child for self-defense, face perhaps all parents of children with autism. From whom he protected? How to set the communication through the wall?
The first thing that comes to mind, if we are talking about autism, is full of himself kid. What other States are characterized by autistic children and are they always the same?
First of all, like all children, kids with autism spectrum disorders differ from each other, have their own character, habits. Features of autistic symptoms is very individual.
The unifying feature of these children is the difficulty of social interaction, communication and stereotyped behavior. People with autism are difficult to understand other people. Because of this, communication with family members can be especially serious for them. While we intuitively understand how to communicate with each other, people with autism, this intuitive knowledge is missing.
Despite the obvious peculiarities in the behavior of outwardly autistic people look like ordinary children, and therefore, the surrounding people often perceive them as rude and spoiled, whereas it is fundamentally Continue reading
Congratulations, you are the mother! I don’t have to listen to “pregnant” feelings, trying to guess what your child. Here he is next to you, primative and smiles in his sleep.
Wise nature has taken care that a newborn has evolved in line with its needs. Usually, at birth, the boys weigh between 2.9 to 3.9 kg with height 48,0 – 51,8 cm, weight girls is 2.8 -3,7 kg with a height of 47.3 – 51,0 cm*. Children are born with a reserve of fluid in the body, so it is quite normal that in the first few days they lose 7-10% of the weight.
The first hours of life of a newborn out of mommy’s belly is an endless stream of rapidly changing sounds, feelings and images, most of which are completely unfamiliar to him. A newborn baby is not yet able to separate themselves from the outside world, which seems to him not very hospitable.
Baby reacts to mother’s voice, as he began to hear from the womb at 28 weeks of pregnancy. In a new unfamiliar surroundings, the baby calms down when mom speaks with a calm, gentle voice.
The eyes of a newborn baby is not yet able to see distant objects, but it can focus the eyes on her face, when it would be close enough. The baby sees approximately at a distance of 20-30 cm from the nipple to the eyes of the mother, if she is on hand). Continue reading