Chapter 1. Study on the problem of development of cognitive abilities in Russian psychology.
1.1. Cognitive ability as a scientific problem.
1.2. The study of problems of individualization preschoolers in Russian psychology.
Chapter 2. Experimental study of the problem of individualization of the process of perception development in children of preschool age.
2.1. The study of individual psychological characteristics of the personality of the preschool child.
2.2. features of perceptual abilities in preschool children.
Preschool childhood is a sensitive period for the development of various skills and for opening and improving the cognitive abilities of the child.
The most important neoplasm of preschool age is the willingness to schooling, and the main component of this commitment is associated with the development of cognitive sphere of the child: the level of development of cognitive processes and cognitive environment.
G. A. Urundeuva under cognitive abilities understands mental properties required for successful execution of cognitive Continue reading
About addiction of children to parents
The topic of conversation for parent meetings: “bad habits in children. What to do with them?”
This issue is relevant for parents of kindergarten age and Junior level students.
What is a “bad habit”?
Bad habit is a negative tendency that has become need and actions, in behavior. It is a pattern of behavior that prevent the child normally live and grow.
The most common bad habits is:
– thumb sucking or different subjects;
– obkushuvannya nails;
– picking your nose;
– swaying from side to side, etc.
Noticing your child’s bad habit, parents face a dilemma: to fight the habit, or leave it as is?
Paradoxically, the correct answer to both questions is “no”.
You can’t fight the habit, because it’s the result of some unmet need. But, on the other hand, the habit cannot be ignored, because it, again a result of some unmet need.
Thus, for the first time seeing that your child sucks his thumb or bites her nails do not make the baby remark. And especially do not use punitive measures type masania fingers mustard, whipping by hand and / or severe penalties. Tell yourself: “This is an occasion to reflect me as a parent about what is happening with my child”.
Ability to focus on the sound – auditory attention – a very important feature of a person, without which it is impossible to hear and understand speech.
It is also important to distinguish and analyze the sounds. This skill is called phonemic hearing. A small child is not able to compare the sounds, but you can teach it. The goal of the exercises on the development of phonemic hearing is to teach the child to listen and hear.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF AUDITORY ATTENTION
guess that sounds
You need to show your child what sounds the various items (like paper rustling, like diamonds rings, what sound does a drum, the sound of the rattle). Then you need to play the sounds so that the child has not seen the object itself. And the child must try to guess what object is making a sound.
the sun or the rain
An adult tells the child what they’re going for a walk. The weather is good and the Sun is shining (adult tambourine rings). Then the adult says the rain has gone (he strikes the tambourine and asks the child to run up to him – to hide from the rain). The adult explains to the child that he must listen carefully to the tambourine and in accordance with its sounds “walk” or “hide”.
talking in a whisper
The bottom line Continue reading