PROBLEMS of CHILDREN IN the MODERN FAMILY of a SMALL TOWN
The family as a social institution provides for the successful socialization of the individual through the accumulation of its initial adaptive capacity in the assimilation of the children of standards of public life. The feelings that arose in response to the situation in the family, become driving forces of his deviant behavior. It is the guilt, fear, resentment, anger.
Every year increases the number of deviant activity among adolescents. These deviations are determined by the contradictions arising from the interaction of various social communities with socio-cultural values. Particularly acute this problem is in our country today, where all spheres of public life are undergoing major changes, there is a devaluation of the former standards of conduct. Established ways of working are not producing the desired results. The mismatch between expectations and reality increases tension in society and the willingness of people to change their behavior, to go beyond the established norms. Often turned off cultural constraints, weakens the whole system of social control. Of particular concern is the increase in the negative deviance (crime, alcoholism and anesthesia of the population, juvenile delinquency, immorality), the growth of social vulnerability of citizens.
Since any deviant behavior is a deviation from generally accepted, repeatedly proven practice standards of behavior, it always carries an element of unpredictability, uncertainty, and possible dangers. Therefore, deviation and risk sides of the same coin. The smaller the risk, veroyatnostnoe the action of the individual, the more predictable the behavior of the system as a whole. Feature today – the increase in the number of persons who are forced to take risks, because the complexity of social reality increases the number of unknown situations. Modern developments in the field of social psychology suggests that deviant behavior is more based on becomes rational.
The phenomenon of “social problems of childhood” is a set of material, legal, spiritual and other factors that do not provide conditions for normal life of children and adolescents, leading to the development of deviant and criminal behaviours, exclusion from inclusion in the social and material production;
-it is revealed that the structural and functional features of the family institution, manifested as deformation, act a source of well-being of children, define the specifics of their consciousness and behavior (assimilation teenagers negative behaviours and norms of life; learning problems; delinquency, low self-esteem, low social status, care in drug addiction and alcoholism);
– it is proved that for the reproduction of socially disadvantaged childhood affect not only system-wide, but also domestic factors deforming the institutional framework of life of the Russian society.
As part of the work on his dissertation, a study was conducted on the subject of “latent social orphanhood”. Object of research – the family of a small town with teenage girls aged 13-16 years, leading an active sex life. Surveyed 50 families. Identified 29 disadvantaged families and 21 outwardly happy family.
In some cases it is noted that the basis of deviant behavior of adolescent girls is a violation of the emotional connection with the mother (the mother was deprived of parental rights; mother decided to “restart life” after divorce with the first husband), called by psychologists “maternal deprivation”. Social consequences of maternal deprivation unpredictable, diverse, and cannot be controlled. Usually the result of maternal deprivation are more severe forms of social deprivation.
Maternal deprivation is one of factors of occurrence of latent social orphanhood. Subsequently, when a teenage girl herself becomes a mother, she will start to project the behavior in relation to their child that it was learned in childhood, thus generating a “secondary effect of orphanhood”.
As noted above, 29 of the 50 families is a dysfunctional family or social risk families where either the parents are alcoholics, or even deprived of parental rights, and custody of the teenager gave the grandparents. Deviant behavior of adolescent girls in these families is due to the violation of the process of primary socialization deformation capacity building of social ties.
However, 21 the family is outwardly socially advantaged families where both parents work and have their own housing. In these families teenage girls attend school regularly, have no bad habits, but exhibit a tendency to deviant behavior – this is a hidden social orphanhood. Parents don’t pay due attention to the process of educating their child, not because they don’t want to, but because we need to support and ensure adequate material security of the family, and therefore spend all their time at work. The children have free time, which is not controlled by adults. The result is a distorted perception of socio-cultural norms, from the perspective of individualism is the dominant “ideology” of modern society.
All these processes lead to the deformation of the personalities of contemporary adolescents.