Ability to focus on the sound – auditory attention – a very important feature of a person, without which it is impossible to hear and understand speech.

It is also important to distinguish and analyze the sounds. This skill is called phonemic hearing. A small child is not able to compare the sounds, but you can teach it. The goal of the exercises on the development of phonemic hearing is to teach the child to listen and hear.


guess that sounds

You need to show your child what sounds the various items (like paper rustling, like diamonds rings, what sound does a drum, the sound of the rattle). Then you need to play the sounds so that the child has not seen the object itself. And the child must try to guess what object is making a sound.

the sun or the rain

An adult tells the child what they’re going for a walk. The weather is good and the Sun is shining (adult tambourine rings). Then the adult says the rain has gone (he strikes the tambourine and asks the child to run up to him – to hide from the rain). The adult explains to the child that he must listen carefully to the tambourine and in accordance with its sounds “walk” or “hide”.

talking in a whisper

The bottom line is that the child, being at a distance from you 2 – 3 meters, heard and understood what you say in a whisper (for example, you can ask the child to bring a toy). It is important to ensure that words are pronounced clearly.

look who’s talking

Prepare for classes of images of animals and show the child who “speaks”. Then draw the “voice” one of the animals, not pointing at the picture. Let the child guess which animal the so-called “says”.

hear the bells and know where he is

Ask your child to close their eyes and rang the bell. Child must face towards the spot whence the sound and, without opening his eyes show the direction.


prompt word

Read to a child familiar to him a poem (for example: “it is time to Sleep, fell asleep goby. », «bear Dropped to the floor. », «Our Tanya crying loudly. “). It does not say the last words in the lines. Invite a child to say the missing words.

the little teacher

Tell your child that his favorite toy wants to learn to speak correctly. Ask the child “explain” toy, what’s the name of a particular item. Make sure that the baby is correctly and clearly spoke the words.

Games for the development of phonemic hearing for children of senior and preparatory school age.

If Your child is already familiar with the sounds, You can offer him to play in the following games:

hear – clap

Adult utters a series of sounds (syllables, words); and the child with closed eyes, hearing a given sound, clapping her hands.

attentive listener

Adult says words, and children determine the location of a given sound in each of them (beginning, middle or end of a word).

the word

The task of the adult children say the words with a certain sound in the beginning, middle, end of a word.

watchful eyes

Children invited to find in the environment objects, the title of which is the specified sound, and to determine its place in the word.

fold the sound

Adult delivers a range of sounds, and the children speak is composed of them syllables and words, for example: [m][a] mA; [n][o][s] – the nose.

say Vice versa

Adult pronounces two or three sounds and children need to recite them in reverse order.


One of the meanings of the word “phonetic” – sound structure of language. Progress sound structure of language underpins the development of speech. In other words, the peculiarity of the formation of a child’s speech depends on its ability to hear, recognize and distinguish the speech sounds.

Classes in child development sound structure of language consist of three phases: acquaintance with sound, differentiation of sounds, familiarity with the letter.

The sequence of work on the sound:

Familiarity with sound (separating it by ear).

Identify the characteristics of sound (vowel or consonant), (deaf or ringing).

The selection at the hearing level from a number of other sounds, syllables, words.

The definition of sound in the word (based on pictures).

Hardness – softness (consonants) based on pictures.

Preparation of syllables, words to sounds.

Work on differentiation of sounds:

Clarification of articulations and characteristics of sounds, finding their similarities and differences.

The allocation of a given sound from other sounds, syllables, words (with specific tasks).

Determining whether a sound and its place in the word based on the pictures.

The entry of syllables, words in the target sounds.

The compilation of voice, syllables, words.

The sequence of operation above the letter:

Acquaintance with the letter: examining, comparing with objects of the surrounding reality (on the letter is similar).

The selection of its elements.

Listening to poems about the letter.

The effective letter your finger in the air.

The effective letter on a piece by the pattern.

Reading syllables with target letter (>>> the development of syllabic reading ).

>>> to read more about the study of sounds and letters


Everyone knows that training preschoolers should happen in the game. Learning to read is no exception. To help the child to master such a complex material such as letters and sounds, can play with sound characters.

Sound symbol is a graphic representation of the sound, showing the features of its articulation. For example, here are sound symbols [a], [], [], [and].

>>> see more about sonic characters


As mentioned above, training preschooler reading should happen in the game. Phonemic fairy tales are a continuation of the games with sound characters. Phonemic tales help to reinforce knowledge of the child about the sounds, as well as to introduce him to letters. Phonemic tales help children to learn to separate the concepts of “sound” and “letter”.

>>> see more about phonemic tales


Teaching a child to read and develop phonemic hearing, remember:

Our speech consists of sentences.

The sentence is a complete thought.

Sentences consist of words.

Words consist of sounds.

The sound is what we hear and speak.

The letter is what we see and write.

The sound of the letter indicated by the letter.

The sounds are vowels and consonants.

Vowel sounds – sounds that can sing voice (above-below), the air exiting from the mouth, does not meet with obstacles.

In the Russian language has six vowel sounds. [a] [I] [about] [and] [e] [s] .

The diagrams vowels are in red .

Choosing his words for games with sounds, it should be remembered that the voiced consonants are stunned at the end of words (mushroom) and before voiceless consonants (mug) .

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